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What is Pre Employment Physical?

If you're looking for someone to fill an available job, it's critical to locate the best applicant. This is especially true if a job's physical demands are high, or where work-related stress may have an impact on a candidate's general health and fitness. In these situations, requiring potential new workers to take physical or mental ability tests can be an important component of the recruiting process. This is particularly true for police and fire departments where job stresses and demands can be intense.

The DOT physical is one of the most typical pre-employment physicals. These routine physicals are used to verify that persons who have a commercial driver's license are in good physical, mental, and emotional health to do their jobs safely for themselves and others.

An alternative to putting potential employees through a full physical examination is something called the HPE, or Human Performance Evaluation. This test is not typically performed by a medical doctor, though it does cover many aspects of a candidate’s physical and mental fitness.

Employers may use a variety of medical tests to evaluate the physical health of their workers, including pre-employment physicals. Some exams, such as DOT physicals, must be completed on a regular basis during the course of employment. Employees may be subjected to random drug testing in order to ensure a drug-free workplace.

Physical tests to evaluate a job candidate's fitness are a highly particular type of medical exam, and expertise with the workplace's needs and limits is required. Because these screenings differ slightly from an annual physical, many companies look for medical professionals that do these tests on a regular basis.


What is Included in a Pre-Employment Physical Exam?

Depending on the type of job you're looking for, you'll be tested on a variety of things during a pre-employment physical. In most cases, in addition to a basic medical examination, a battery of tests will be conducted. These examinations will include a wide range of physical and mental health issues, as well as drug testing in some circumstances. The following are some of the tests that are likely to be carried out:

  • basic vital signs like heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature
  • abdominal checkup covering digestive, liver, and other organ health
  • lung and heart exam
  • skin examination to spot potential issues or symptoms of underlying disease
  • drug and alcohol screenings
  • vision testing
  • hearing conservation or audiometry testing
  • TB testing
  • blood tests and other lab tests

Can You Fail a Pre-Employment Physical?

Employers must make reasonable accommodations for employees who have physical impairments, according to the ADA. These adjustments, however, have limitations. Pre-employment physicals exist to ensure a potential new hire is suitable for the position they are looking for, regardless of potential discrimination.As a result, it is possible that someone who does not meet the job requirements may indeed fail a pre-employment physical.

Failing a pre-employment physical or HPE can happen for a number of reasons, though often failing a drug or alcohol test can be the reason a candidate does not pass. This is particularly common for jobs involving driving or operating heavy machinery where sobriety is of paramount importance.

There are a few items that prospective employees can bring to the test to help guarantee that it runs successfully. Any assistance or assistive devices, such as hearing aids, glasses, or similar, are included. Having records of previous medical issues, surgeries, allergies, and current medications might also be beneficial.It is also a good idea to have any paperwork detailing specific tests that need to be performed related to the potential new job.

Healthcare and the Workplace

Altmed offers more than pre-employment physicals when it comes to collaborating with businesses to empower employers and protect employees. Our employer services can assist in the development of a positive working culture. Providing assistance to businesses in ensuring that employees receive the care they require in relation to their work environment and required job responsibilities helps keep employees healthy while cutting overall health care costs.

Altmed is a lot more than an urgent care center. We offer full-time clinics that conduct COVID-19 testing, as well as occupational medicine specialists on site. Both pre-employment physicals and on-site workplace evaluations are performed by qualified professionals who are committed to providing the best medical care to both employers and employees.